Saturday, October 21, 2017
Every week our editors publish around 10 blog posts—but it can be hard to keep up amidst the busyness of everyday life. To make sure you never miss another post, we’ve created a new weekly round-up series. Each Saturday, find the previous week’s posts all in one place.
Begin the Countdown…
…to NaNoWriMo! National Novel Writing Month begins November 1st—less than two weeks away! If you’re considering participating this year, check out How a Month of NaNoWriMo Can Lead to a Lifetime of Better Writing.
Give your novel a kickstart: Read Launching Into Scenes with Action, and get things moving!
If you’re planning to spend November writing (and writing, and writing), you’ll need some music to help get you in the writing zone. Check out Writer’s Digest Radio: A Classical Playlist for Writing.
Testing the Waters
There are many disagreements in the world of writing. For a better idea of the disagreement surrounding prologues and a feel for whether or not a prologue belongs in your book, read The Great Debate: To Prologue or Not to Prologue?
Should you move forward with your novel idea? Read What Color Are Your Ideas? to figure out whether you should give your idea the green light.
Are you rewriting the beginning of your novel, story, or article over and over, and yet you still aren’t getting the right feel? Check out Feeling the Words You Write to understand why that might be the case.
Agents and Opportunities
This week’s new literary agent alert is for Lexi Wangler of Massie & McQuilkin. She is seeking literary fiction, upmarket commercial fiction, crime fiction, cultural criticism, narrative nonfiction, essay collections, memoir and young adult fiction.
Are you a children’s author? Check out 30 Reasons to Read Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market 2018 (Plus a Giveaway!).
So you’ve written a great book and decided to go the self-publishing route. What next? Read Marketing & Sales Perspectives for Indie Authors to help your book find its audience.
For this week’s Wednesday Poetry Prompt, write an “I Believe You” poem.
Check out Why I Write Poetry: Marie Elena Good and consider submitting an essay that shares why you write poetry.
Read guest post An Affective Singularity by Nate Pritts, author of the award-winning book of poetry Decoherence.
from Writing Editor Blogs – WritersDigest.com http://www.writersdigest.com/editor-blogs/there-are-no-rules/weekly-round-up/weekly-round-get-things-started
Friday, October 20, 2017
Yesterday was the official pub date of the Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market 2018, though it’s been available in bookstores and on Amazon beforehand.
The new edition is updated and packed with brand new info. While there are plenty of places you can turn to for information on the children’s publishing industry, CWIM has always prided itself as being the biggest print edition and the most thorough. It’s the Yellow Pages for children’s markets, with interviews, roundups, and informative articles. That’s why it’s in its 30th edition. In honor of this edition, here’s 30 reasons why you should pick up your copy of CWIM—or enter the competition below to win a free one!
A GIVEAWAY: Send me an email at email@example.com, with the subject line “What I Love About CWIM” and tell me the thing you enjoy the most about the print edition of Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market. In three weeks (deadline November 10, 2017), I’ll pick 3 random winners to win a copy of the book! And if you optionally tweet news of this giveaway and the publication date of CWIM, I’ll give you 2 entries into the contest instead of just the one. Just tweet the following, then email me with your Twitter handle: @WritersDigest is giving away 3 copies of the new 2018 Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market – http://bit.ly/2hSgVUm via @crisfreese.
1. The Same Great Content. Hundreds of updated listings for book publishers, magazines, conferences, contests, and agents—all with a focus on picture books, middle-grade, and young adult audiences. Plus informative articles and interviews to help you grow as a writer. It’s the same Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market that you’ve come to expect over the years, just with a new editor.
2. More Original Content. I commissioned brand-new articles, interviews, and roundups for this issue—content that hasn’t been seen online, in Writer’s Digest magazine, or in Writer’s Digest Books. This is the only place you can find this content, and it’s entirely tailored for children’s writers.
3. Authors Breaking Out and Leading the Way. Looking for inspiration? This edition features 21 writers who broke out, signed with an agent, and got published. If you’re writing middle-grade fiction, young adult fiction, or crafting a picture book, turn to the Debut Authors Tell All feature to discover how these authors made their way.
4. More Debut Authors! I needed a second point to talk about the Debut Authors Tell All feature, because I love it so much. Seven picture book authors, eight middle-grade authors, and six young adult authors. That includes Mike Malbrough, Alyson Gerber, Jodi Kendall, Corabel Shofner, Ellie Terry, New York Times bestselling author Angie Thomas, Tiffany Jackson, and more. At least one of these awesome authors will motivate you with their story.
5. An Exclusive Webinar. The amazing Jennifer De Chiara—who heads up her own literary agency—provided an exclusive webinar on perfecting your query letter for the children’s market. You can only view it if you pick up a copy of this book.
6. Create Unforgettable Characters. Debbie Dadey, who has authors or co-authored 166 traditionally-published children’s books, shares ways writers can make readers fall in love with their characters.
7. Discover Your Writing Voice. Laurel Snyder, author of six novels for children, shares distinct methods and techniques for developing the writing voice you need to stand out. Consider it your “writing superpower,” with 12 ways to supercharge your voice.
8. Perfect Your Dialogue. Whether you’re crafting a picture book for young readers or working on a novel for the middle-grade and young adult audiences, dialogue is the tool for transporting readers through your story. Veteran teacher Kerrie Flanagan shows off techniques for mastering dialogue in each category.
9. Discover Supporters. If you’re going to succeed, you need people to get behind you. And as a children’s author, teachers and librarians can be a huge proponent for your career. Discover an article for tapping into the world of speaking at libraries and schools, and building relationships with librarians and teachers.
10. Target Your Short Writing. Windy Lynn Harris, author of Writing & Selling Short Stories & Personal Essays, has mastered the art of helping writers target specific markets to sell their short work. I asked her to find ten markets for children’s short fiction. She delivered (making your job easier in searching through the listings!), plus provided tips for writing a cover letter, formatting your manuscript, getting organized, and writing nonfiction articles for kids.
11. Kwame Alexander. The New York Times bestselling author took some time to sit down with CWIM to talk about the importance of always saying yes!
12. Kenneth Oppel. The award-winning author of The Silverwing Trilogy and Airborn, Oppel knows children’s fiction. He’s published more than 20 novels, and is only just getting started. Discover his advice for writers looking to break in, how to hook readers, and discovering your muse.
13. Dandi Daley Mackall. Dandi has written more than 500 children’s and adult’s books. Yet, somehow, she found time for an interview and enough wisdom to inspire anyone. She shares her writing process, how to handle bad first drafts, and dealing with rejection.
14. Mindy McGinnis. Her complex stories and compelling characters put you through the emotional ringer—you’ll fall in love, want to scream at them, root for them during trying times, cry during hardships, and triumph in their success. The author of Not a Drop to Drink, A Madness So Discreet, The Female of the Species, and Given to the Sea shares her story of how it took 10 years to get an agent, handling speaking engagements, and winning the Edgar Allan Poe Award.
15. Kirby Larson. A writer of historical fiction for children, Larson shares her experiences on collaborating with co-workers on fiction and reaching out within the children’s writing community.
16. Carolyn Crimi. Stuck in one genre or category? Read this interview with Crimi to discover how a bestselling picture book author learned to engage young readers with humor and transform her career into a successful novelist.
The biggest literary agent database anywhere
is the Guide to Literary Agents. Pick up the
most recent updated edition online at a discount.
17. Handle the Change. Publishing is a rapidly evolving world—one that’s intimidating for newcomers and those writers just breaking in. Listen to three accomplished authors—Lisa J. Amstutz, Laurie Lazzaro Knowlton, and Dandi Daley Mackall—discuss the ways that the picture book market has changed, where it’s going, and which authors to really follow.
18. Small Presses. Look, it’s everyone’s dream to land an agent and nab a six-figure deal with one of the Big Five. But don’t discount small presses. Three authors share their stories, and the advantages and disadvantages, of working with small publishers.
19. Hear Directly from Agents! Kelly Sonnack, John Rudolph, Sara Megibow, and Jennifer March Soloway explain exactly what they’re looking for in today’s literary landscape, including what catches their eye, how to write a great query, and the importance of platform.
20. Breaking Into Nonfiction. A roundup of children’s writers, who write primarily nonfiction, talk about breaking into their respective market. Remember: You don’t have to write fiction to break out! This article is for all those looking to focus on nonfiction, or those looking to expand and stretch their own writing skills.
21. Dan Santat, author of Oh No! (Or How My Science Project Destroyed the World): “I began my career using Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market as a resource for getting my foot into the children’s publishing industry. I highly recommend this book for anyone!”
22. Jay Asher, author of Thirteen Reasons Why: “Whenever anyone asks for publishing advice, I tell them to grab the latest edition of Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market.”
23. Adam Shaughnessy, author of The Unbelievable FIB series: “CWIM was one of the first books I purchased when I decided to start the journey to get published. It’s a great resource both in terms of the information it provides and its welcoming, accessible tone.”
24. Deborah Marcero, illustrator of the Backyard Witch series: “I found my literary agent/art rep in the Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market.”
25. Wendy Toliver, author of Lifted: “If you’re serious about writing or illustrating for young people, the information, tools, and insights within the Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market will get you started on the right path.”
26. Becca Fitzpatrick, author of Hush, Hush: “Children’s Writer’s and Illustrator’s Market is invaluable for writers of children’s books. Chock-full of publishing resources, it’s a must-have!”
27. Suzanne Kamata, author of Gadget Girl: The Art of Being Invisible: “I look forward to Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market every year, and I use it all the time. This book is essential for both pre-published and pros.”
28. Jesse Klausmeier, author of Open This Little Book: “I buy a copy of Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market every single year. It’s the definitive, must-have resource for children’s publishing.”
29. Meg Cabot, author of The Princess Diaries: “Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market is a great resource for artists and writers who are ready to share their talent with the world.”
30. James Dashner, author of The Maze Runner: “CWIM is an invaluable resource for any aspiring writer hoping to get published. It helped me a lot and I recommend it to everyone.”
If you’re an agent looking to update your information or an author interested in contributing to the GLA blog or the next edition of the book, contact Writer’s Digest Books Managing Editor Cris Freese at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The post 30 Reasons to Read Children’s Writer’s & Illustrator’s Market 2018 (Plus a Giveaway!) appeared first on WritersDigest.com.
from Writing Editor Blogs – WritersDigest.com http://www.writersdigest.com/editor-blogs/guide-to-literary-agents/30-reasons-childrens-writers-illustrators-market-2018
There are several confusing words in English. Can you use them correctly? Take a moment to do this interactive exercise. Fill in the blanks. Answers… Continue reading
from English Grammar https://www.englishgrammar.org/words-commonly-confused-exercise/
Thursday, October 19, 2017
Fill in the blanks with an appropriate relative pronoun. Answers 1. What she said made me angry. 2. She has acted in a movie whose… Continue reading
from English Grammar https://www.englishgrammar.org/who-which-whom-what-whose-that/
As many of you know, book publishing industry professionals and readers alike have openly expressed their dislike of prologues.
Act first, explain later. Great advice from James Scott Bell. Be careful with backstory and prologues. #writetip
— Nat Russo (@NatRusso) September 30, 2017
— Auroris (@Auroris_) September 17, 2017
Love prologues and epilogues, separate from chapters, but it appears that the general public does not.
— Suzanne Berfield (@suzberf) September 27, 2017
Let’s lay a quick foundation:
Prologues aren’t inherently evil or indicative of poor writing. Prologues can—and have been—executed with skill. But are they necessary?
That, in my opinion, is the biggest question—not “should I should write a prologue” but “does a prologue improve my story?”
Meg LaTorre-Snyder is a writer, developmental book editor, vlogger/YouTuber, and a literary agent apprentice with a background in magazine and book publishing, medical/technical writing, journalism, and website creation. Most recently, Meg took on the role of literary agent apprentice at the Corvisiero Literary Agency, representing authors who have written fiction manuscripts. On her YouTube channel, iWriterly, Meg geeks out on all things books—from the concept to the bookshelves (and everything in between). In addition, she works as developmental book editor for Advantage Media Group|Forbes Books, assisting professionals in developing nonfiction titles. To learn more about Meg, visit her website, follow her on Twitter/Facebook, and subscribe to her YouTube channel, iWriterly.
What is a Prologue?
Prologues come before chapter one and could be expository/introductory prose, a poem, diary letter, news clipping, or anything in between.
As a reader, when I start reading a prologue, I’m usually impatient to get to chapter one. But by the end of a good prologue, I’m wondering about the subsequent story and excited to see how the event fits into the rest of the plot.
That’s a well-written prologue, mind you. The bad ones I skim over.
If you’ve attended a writing workshop, you may have noticed literary agents voicing their dislike of prologues. Some even go as far as to say that when they see prologue pages in the query box, they are immediately wary of the story and submission.
Why such an immediately negative reaction?
This is largely due to the poorly-executed prologues littering query boxes and submission piles. You’d be surprised how many writers commit the deadly sins of prologues.
1. Using a prologue as a place for a massive dump… information dump.
Information dumps are one of the easiest ways to make readers’ eyes glaze over. Paragraphs of text that provide dense (albeit important) background information are tough to digest. Without strategically trickling this information throughout a scene or throughout the chapters/book, readers can be immediately turned off to a story.
Not to mention, the opening pages are a make-or-break moment. You have mere seconds to hook a reader (or industry professional—who are also readers!).
Many, many writers use prologues as a means to provide tons of background information to a story (rather than to slowly introduce these elements by weaving them into scenes throughout the book). Take a closer look at your opening pages to see if you have several stretches of paragraphs or sections of text that do this. If you do, it’s time to revise!
2. A boring prologue (that readers want to skip to get to chapter one).
Obviously writers don’t start writing a prologue saying, “What is the driest scene I can write? The more boring, the better!” If your scene lacks action or purpose that propels your story, you may be falling into this danger zone.
Look at your manuscript with the critical eye of a reader and ask: “Would I skip this prologue and go right to chapter one?” If so, consider what you can do to spice things up a bit (while keeping the prologue relevant to your story).
3. A prologue that has nothing to do with the main story.
Prologues need to somehow propel or impact your main plot. Period. If your prologue is filled with action, offers bite-sized pieces of background information, and weaves a compelling scene but is not relevant to your main plot, you probably need to re-think your strategy.
It doesn’t matter if your writing is solid if the scenes aren’t strategically moving toward that pretty plot arc—depicting an emotional journey for your character and exhibiting the stakes for your protagonist and the world at large.
4. Prologues that are too long.
The modern reader (often) prefers shorter chapters—prologues included. If your prologue is longer than most of your chapters (or if both your prologue and chapters are longer), it might be time to reevaluate the structure and pacing of your chapters.
5. Using the prologue to hook the reader as the sole purpose.
For this example, I’m thinking specifically of the prologues that throw the reader into the action—and I mean the middle of the action. Maybe it’s the center of a bloody battlefield or twisted in the sheets of a love affair. Whatever it is, the reader is unceremoniously plunked into the action in a world they’re unfamiliar with and whose characters they don’t yet know (and love).
While action scenes are a gripping way to begin a story, consider whether or not this action is important to the central plot and if this beginning isn’t too overwhelming/confusing for the reader to acclimate to.
6. Using the prologue strictly to provide atmosphere or to do some early-on world building.
World building is one of the things I love most about fantasy and science fiction. These delicious details are… well… delicious! The setting is described with enough detail to have the readers visualizing the character’s surroundings but not too much to bog down the pace of the scene.
Proceed with caution if the prologue is used strictly to set the tone and introduce world-building elements. Often, these details can be weaved into your chapters without the need of a prologue.
However, like anything in this industry—the type of prologue or the inclusion/exclusion of them altogether are subjective. Not to mention, skilled writers have a way of proving the rules wrong.
So, when should prologues be utilized? In other words: when are they an asset to your story?
According to Brian A. Klems, “A prologue is used when material that you want to include in the opening is out of time sequence with the rest of the story.”
Prologues should supply information that is—or will be—important to understanding the plot. Often, the prologue doesn’t include the protagonist and takes place outside of the central plot (though not always).
In The Writer’s Guide to Beginnings, author and literary agent Paula Munier shows you how to craft flawless beginnings that impress agents, engage editors, and captivate readers. You’ll learn how to develop the big idea of your story and introduce it on page one, structure opening scenes that encompass their own story arc, kickstart your writing with effective brainstorming techniques, and introduce a compelling cast of characters that drive the plot. You’ll also examine best-selling novels from different genres to learn the secrets that experienced writers use to dive straight into a story.
With thorough examinations of voice, point of view, setting, dialogue, and conflict, this book is a must-have tool for luring your readers in with your opening pages—and convincing them to stick around for the ride.
Types of Prologues
Here are a few examples of different types of prologues:
- Background/History: This type of prologue provides background to the history of the world and events that previously transpired—such as a major battle or betrayal. These events typically took place before the beginning of your story and somehow significantly impact the events going forward.
- Different Point of View (POV): As many of you know, debut authors are encouraged to minimize the number of rotating POVs in their manuscript (capping out at a maximum of six-ish). This type of prologue could be advantageous when diving into another character’s perspective—particularly when that character’s insight is only needed once and provides a foundation for the story.
- Protagonist (Past or Future): These prologues are great for showing a pivotal moment for the protagonist—either in the past or in the future (such as a defining moment years ago or after the main plot has taken place).
Strengths of a Prologue
Fear not, writers. Prologues aren’t all bad. In fact, they come in handy in a number of scenarios:
- To provide a “quick-and-dirty” glimpse of important background information without the need of flashbacks, dialogue, or memories that interrupt the action later on in the book.
- Hook the reader into the action right away while having the readers asking questions relevant to the central plot—and therefore eager to learn those answers in the opening chapters.
- Offer information the reader couldn’t otherwise glean from the plot (such as a break from the point-of-view narration or from a different character’s perspective).
- Introduce the antagonist—providing background motives that either humanizes the character or exhibits his/her evil intentions. This angle can be handy if the protagonist doesn’t meet the antagonist until later on in the book.
- Introduce a philosophy or religious belief important to the plot/setting.
- Foreshadow future events, thereby creating suspense for the reader and get them asking questions (and eagerly reading on).
Do I Need a Prologue?
Trying to decide whether or not you should keep (or even write) a prologue? Consider the following questions:
- What information am I providing in the prologue? Why is it important to reveal it up front? Can it be revealed throughout the story in smaller trickles and still be as impactful (or more)?
- Does this character’s POV come up again later in the story? If so, would this work as a first chapter instead?
If you’re an agent looking to update your information or an author interested in contributing to the GLA blog or the next edition of the book, contact Writer’s Digest Books Managing Editor Cris Freese at email@example.com.
from Writing Editor Blogs – WritersDigest.com http://www.writersdigest.com/editor-blogs/guide-to-literary-agents/craft-and-story-beginnings/great-debate-prologue-not-prologue
Wednesday, October 18, 2017
All great novels and stories start out with a mere idea. Maybe it’s a large idea that spans centuries and crosses continents, like Patrick Rothfuss’s first book in The Kingkiller Chronicles series, The Name of the Wind; or maybe it’s magic realism manifest into stories, like Aimee Bender’s books. No matter how grand or ordinary, strange or beguiling your idea, you must take it through an alchemical process that transforms it into a story. How do you do that? This is the function of the scene; it is your story maker. Inside each scene, the vivid details, information, and action breathe life into your flat idea and round it out into something in which a reader participates.
Jordan Rosenfeld is the author of the writing guides Make A Scene Revised and Expanded Edition, Writing the Intimate Character, Writing Deep Scenes with Martha Alderson, A Writer’s Guide to Persistence, and Write Free with Rebecca Lawton. She is also the author of suspense novels Women in Red, Forged in Grace, and Night Oracle. Jordan’s articles and essays have been published in such places as The Atlantic, mental_floss, The New York Times, New York Magazine, Pacific Standard, Quartz, Scientific American, Writer’s Digest, The Writer, and more. Visit her website or follow her on Twitter.
Any story or novel is, in essence, a series of scenes strung together like beads on a wire, with narrative summary adding texture and color between. A work of fiction will comprise many scenes, the number of which varies for each individual project. And each one of these individual scenes must be built with a structure most easily described as beginning, middle, and end. The beginning of each scene is the focus of this chapter.
The word beginning is a bit confusing, since some scenes pick up in the midst of an action or continue where other actions left off; so I prefer to use the term launch, which more clearly suggests the place where the reader’s attention is engaged anew.
In a manuscript, a new scene is usually signified visually by a break of four lines (called a “soft hiatus”) between the last paragraph of the previous scene and the first paragraph of the next one, or sometimes by a symbol such as an asterisk or a dingbat, to let the reader know that time has passed and a new scene is beginning.
Each new scene is a spoke in the wheel of the plot you started with, and the spoke must be revealed in a way that is vivifying for the reader and provides an experience, not a lecture. Scene launches, therefore, pave the way for all the robust consequences of the idea or plot to unfurl. Each scene launch is a reintroduction to your character and the situation she is embroiled in, capturing your reader’s attention all over again.
You can launch a scene using characters, actions, narrative summary, and setting, but this particular post will focus just on launching a scene with action.
The Action Launch
Many writers believe they must explain every bit of action that is going on right from the start of a scene, but narrative summary defeats action. The sooner you start the action in a scene, the more momentum is available to carry the reader forward. If you find yourself explaining an action, then you’re not demonstrating the action any longer; you’re floating in a distant star system known as Nebulous Intellectulus—more commonly known as your head—and so is the reader.
Keep in mind the key elements of action: time and momentum. It takes time to plan a murder over late-night whispers; for a drunk character to drop a jar at the grocery; to blackmail a betraying spouse; or to kick a wall in anger. These things don’t happen spontaneously; they happen over a period of time. They are sometimes quick, sometimes slow, but once started they unfold until finished.
The key to creating strong momentum is to start an action without explaining anything. A scene from M.R. Carey’s The Girl With All the Gifts does just that:
When the key turns in the door, she stops counting and opens her eyes. Sergeant comes in with his gun and points it at her. Then two of Sergeant’s people come in and tighten and buckle the straps of the chair around Melanie’s wrists and ankles. There’s also a strap for her neck; they tighten that one last of all, when her hands and feet are fastened up all the way, and they always do it from behind. The strap is designed so they never have to put their hands in front of Melanie’s face. Melanie sometimes says, “I won’t bite.” She says it as a joke, but Sergeant’s people never laugh. Sergeant did once, the first time she said it, but it was a nasty laugh. And then he said, “Like we’d ever give you the chance, sugar plum.”
M.R. Carey plunges his reader into the scene in this novel. For a significant portion of the early scenes, the reader doesn’t know why Melanie, a ten-year-old child, is restrained in this way. The lack of explanation for what is happening forces the reader to press on to learn more. The action here gives the reader clues: Something about Melanie is either threatening or dangerous, though, based on her internal narration, we don’t yet know what. We want to know what grown men, including a Sergeant, no less, would have to fear from a child so much that he would have to strap her into a chair and point a gun at her the whole time. Clearly something more is going to happen in this environment, and judging from the tone of the paragraph, we can probably expect something intense and thrilling. Action launches tend to energize the reader’s physical senses.
Here’s how to create an action launch:
- Get straight to the action. Don’t drag your feet here. “Jimmy jumped off the cliff”; not “Jimmy stared at the water, imagining how cold it would feel when he jumped.”
- Hook the reader with big or surprising actions. A big or surprising action—outburst, car crash, violent heart attack, public fight—at the launch of a scene can then be the stage for a bunch of consequences to unfold. One caveat: You’ll be unlikely to pull this off in every scene.
- Be sure that the action is true to your character. Don’t have a shy character choose to become suddenly uninhibited at the launch of a scene—save that for scene middles. Do have a bossy character belittle another character in a way that creates conflict.
- Act first, think later. If a character is going to think in your action opening, let the action come first and the thought be a reaction. “Elizabeth slapped the Prince. When his face turned pink, horror filled her. What have I done? she thought.”
Scenes are the building blocks for any work of fiction—the DNA sequence that makes a novel un-put-downable and unforgettable. When writers are able to craft effective, engaging scenes, they
can develop a complete, cohesive story—and a mesmerizing experience for readers. Make a Scene Revised and Expanded Edition takes you step-by-step through the elements of strong scene construction and demonstrates how the essential aspects of a compelling story—including character, plot, and dramatic tension—function within the framework of individual scenes to give momentum to the whole narrative.
from Writing Editor Blogs – WritersDigest.com http://www.writersdigest.com/editor-blogs/there-are-no-rules/excerpts/launching-scenes-action